Politecnico di Torino - Engine Research Center

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Politecnico di Torino - Engine Research Center
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PT-ERC mainly aims at developing and improving new engine concepts for conventional and hybrid powertrains. It features highly specialized and unique test facilities (e.g. high-dynamic engine test rigs; measuring systems for the analysis of raw and diluted engine emissions in steady-state and transient operation; hydraulic test beds for the characterization of high-pressure injection systems) and self-developed measurement, testing and simulation procedures.

The main industrial partners connected to PT-ERC at regional, national and European level are: Fiat Research Center (CRF), Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT) and other members of the Fiat Group, General Motors Powertrain Europe (GMPT-E), Daimler AG, AVL, Bosch. In addition, PT-ERC features tight interactions with the industrial environment of its regional district (Piemonte), where the local industrial base is composed not only of large multinational enterprises but also of a great number of SMEs linked to the Automotive sector.

In addition to numerous industry-financed researches, PT-ERC has taken part in all CNR (National Research Council) 'finalized' research projects since 1976, as well as in MIUR (Ministry of University and Research) national research programs and also in 'nationally-relevant' MIUR-COFIN research programs on IC engines. PT-ERC participated in European Community (EC) Research Programs, such as the Integrated Projects NICE and GREEN of the EC VI Framework Program and the Collaborative Project INGAS of the EC VII Framework Program, both on CNG engine application to passenger cars and heavy-duty vehicles.

The main research topics of PT-ERC are study of thermo-fluid dynamics and combustion in Internal Combustion (IC) engines and investigation of innovative powertrains. More recent researches concern:

- New combustion technologies for HCCI/PCCI diesel engines.

- In-cylinder combustion analysis and control of downsized turbocharged engines, running on either natural gas or mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas.

- Investigation of spray characteristics and mixture formation in direct-injection natural gas automotive engines.

- New direct acting piezo C.R. injection systems.

- Study and development of technologies for turbo-lag reduction in SI and CI engines.

- Open-loop control of direct injection in diesel engines.

- Optimal control of IC engine to reduce fuel consumption and emissions in hybrid propulsion vehicles.

- Feed-forward combustion control in direct injection IC engines.