Water resource optimisation
As described above, the water level regime of the springs and waterways generally shows significant seasonal variations, with periods characterised by rather low flow rates, in particular during summer when there is a greater demand on water resources. The prolonged periods of drought caused by climate change could have a further impact on the availability of water, causing severe water shortages. To address these increasingly recurrent emergencies, we need to optimise our use of this resource through measures which, while achieving the set goal, have the lowest possible environmental impact.
These measures involve:
- the temporary overexploitation of geological resources during low-flow periods, when the hydrogeological conditions create an extensive saturated area
- the storage of major volumes of water during periods with abundant water flow
- the artificial recharging of aquifers to encourage the infiltration process in supply areas