Comparison of relativity theories with observer-independent scales of both velocity and length/mass

Title{Comparison of relativity theories with observer-independent scales of both velocity and length/mass}
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsAmelino-Camelia G, Benedetti D, D'Andrea F, Procaccini A
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Volume20
Pagination5353–5370
Abstract

We consider the two most studied proposals of relativity theories with observer-independent scales of both velocity and length/mass: the one discussed by Amelino-Camelia as an illustrative example for the original proposal (Preprint gr-qc/0012051) of theories with two relativistic invariants, and an alternative more recently proposed by Magueijo and Smolin (Preprint hep-th/0112090). We show that these two relativistic theories are much more closely connected than it would appear on the basis of a naive analysis of their original formulations. In particular, in spite of adopting a rather different formal description of the deformed boost generators, they end up assigning the same dependence of momentum on rapidity, which can be described as the core feature of these relativistic theories. We show that this observation can be used to clarify the concepts of particle mass, particle velocity and energy–momentum conservation rules in these theories with two relativistic invariants.

URLhttp://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0264-9381/20/24/008